I must say a personal "Thank You" to Olga for this recipe - it was an excellent dish for my family in more ways than one. For starters, my six year old daughter Miss J is a self proclaimed vegetarian who refuses to eat meat. After many lengthy philosophical discussions, we have finally convinced her to still eat seafood as she needs her Omega 3s. She just doesn't eat red meat, chicken or pork now. (I must admit, it was quite a shock that she gave up both spaghetti bolognese and pepperoni pizza - 2 of her all time favourites!!) In addition to her dietary "restrictions", I am allergic to shellfish, so when it comes to preparing the family meals, I have to put in a bit more thought these days as I refuse to cook a separate meal for each person in the family. I am a big believer that dinner is the most important time of the day and that we all sit and share the meal together as a family. It also turned out that we were having a few friends (9) over for dinner at short notice, making a grand total of 6 adults and 7 kids to feed! This dish was perfect...easy to cook for a crowd, tasty (even for fussy kids), suitable for myself and Miss J, and almost all of it could be prepared ahead of time.
At first glance, it looks like a fairly complex dish, but broken down into its components it is really quite straight forward. So, without further ado, here is the recipe for Rice with Mushrooms, Cuttlefish & Artichoke. I have added my comments and changes in this colour.
Rice with mushrooms, cuttlefish and artichokes
Ingredients (serves 4):
- 4 Artichokes (you can use jarred or freezed if fresh are not available - I used artichoke hearts in a jar, but only half the quantity as the flavour can be very strong)
- 12 Mushrooms (button or Portobello)
- 1 or 2 Bay leaves
- 1 glass of white wine (for the pot - 2 for you lol!!)
- 2 Cuttlefish (you can use freezed cuttlefish or squid if you don’t find it fresh - I used squid)
- “Sofregit” (see recipe below)
- 300 gr (2 cups) Short grain rice (Spanish types Calasparra or Montsant are preferred, but you can choose any other short grain. This kind of rice absorbs flavor very well) – about 75 gr per person ( ½ cup per person) Please read this for more info on suitable rices. (I used Arborio)
- Water or Fish Stock (use 1 ½ cup of liquid per ½ cup of rice) (I used home made vegetable stock as I couldn't get fish bones being in a rural area)
- Saffron threads (if you can’t find it or afford to buy it, you can substitute it for turmeric or yellow coloring powder)
- Allioli (olive oil and garlic sauce, similar to mayonnaise sauce) - optional (this sauce actually MADE the dish - well worth the trouble of making!!!)
- Cut the cuttlefish in little strips.
- Add 1 or 2 tablespoons of olive oil in a frying pan and put the cuttlefish in the pan.
- If you use fresh artichokes, clean them as shown in the video in tip #7. Cut artichokes in eighths.
- Clean the mushrooms and cut them into quarters.
- Add a bay leaf to the cuttlefish and then add the artichokes mushrooms.
- Sauté until the artichokes are a golden colour.
- Put a touch of white wine in the pan (from the 1 cup in the ingredients - not from your glass - it's hard work cooking for that many people!!) so all the solids in the bottom of the get mixed, getting a more flavourful dish.
- Add a couple or three tablespoons of sofregit (I added all of it) and mix to make sure everything gets impregnated with the sofregit.
- Add all the liquid and bring it to boil.
- Add all the rice. Let boil for about 5 minutes in heavy heat.
- Add some saffron threads to enrich the dish with its flavour and colour. Stir a little bit so the rice and the other ingredients get the entire flavor. If you’re using turmeric or yellow coloring, use only 1/4 teaspoon.
- Turn to low heat and boil for another 8 minutes (or until rice is a little softer than “al dente”)
- Put the pan away from heat and let the rice stand a couple of minutes.
(a well cooked and fragrant sauce made of olive oil, tomatoes, garlic and onions, and may at times have different vegetables such as peppers or mushrooms)
[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="560" caption="Ingredients for the Sofregit"][/caption]
Cooking time: aprox. 1 hour
- 2 tablespoons of olive oil
- 5 big red ripe tomatoes, chopped
- 2 small onions, chopped
- 1 green pepper, chopped (optional)
- 4 or 5 garlic cloves, chopped
- 1 cup of button or Portobello mushrooms, chopped (optional)
- 1 Bay leaf
- Touch of ground cumin
- Touch of dried oregano
- Put all the ingredients together in a frying pan and sauté slowly until all vegetables are soft.
- Taste and salt if necessary (maybe it’s not!)
[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="240" caption="Sofregit after ingredients have cooked down "][/caption]
I made the traditional Aioli, and believe me, it was well worth the effort. It was GORGEOUS and by far everyone's favourite part of the dish. It complimented the main part of the meal beautifully.
Allioli (Traditional recipe)
Cooking time: 20 min aprox.
[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="560" caption="Aioli Ingredients"][/caption]
- 4 garlic cloves, peeled
- Pinch of salt
- Fresh lemon juice (some drops)
- Extra-virgin olive oil (Spanish preferred but not essential)
- Place the garlic in a mortar along with the salt.
- Using a pestle, smash the garlic cloves to a smooth paste. (The salt stops the garlic from slipping at the bottom of the mortar as you pound it down.)
- Add the lemon juice to the garlic.
- Drop by drop; pour the olive oil into the mortar slowly as you continue to crush the paste with your pestle.
- Keep turning your pestle in a slow, continuous circular motion in the mortar. The drip needs to be slow and steady. Make sure the paste soaks up the olive oil as you go.
- Keep adding the oil, drop by drop, until you have the consistency of a very thick mayonnaise. If your allioli gets too dense, add water to thin it out. This takes time—around 20 minutes of slow motion around the mortar—to create a dense, rich sauce.
José's tips for traditional recipe: It's hard to think that, when you start crushing the garlic, it will ever turn into something as dense and smooth as allioli. But don't give up. It's worth the extra time and effort to see the oil and garlic come together before your eyes. Just make sure you're adding the olive oil slowly, drop by drop. Keep moving the pestle around the mortar in a circular motion and keep dreaming of the thick, creamy sauce at the end of it all.
Allioli a la moderna (Modern recipe)
Cooking time: 3-4 minutes
- 1 small egg
- 1 cup extra-virgin olive oil (as above, Spanish oil is highly recommended)
- 1 garlic clove, peeled
- 1 Tbs. Spanish Sherry vinegar or lemon juice (if Sherry vinegar is not available, use can use cider or white vinegar)
- Salt to taste
- Break the egg into a mixing bowl.
- Add 2 tablespoons of the olive oil and the garlic cloves, along with the vinegar or lemon juice.
- Using a hand blender, start mixing at high speed until the garlic is fully pureed into a loose paste.
- Little by little, add what's left of the olive oil as you continue blending.
- If the mixture appears too thick as you begin pouring the oil, add 1 teaspoon of water to loosen the sauce.
- Continue adding the oil and blending until you have a rich, creamy allioli.
- The sauce will be a lovely yellow color.
- Add salt to taste.
José's tips for modern recipe:
(1) If you do not have access to a hand blender, you can use a hand mixer (the kind with the two beaters) or a food processor. If you use a food processor, you must double the recipe or the amount will be too little for the blades to catch and emulsify.
(2) What happens if the oil and egg separate? Don't throw it out. You can do two things. One is to whisk it and use it as a side sauce for a fish or vegetable. But if you want to rescue the allioli, take 1 tablespoon of lukewarm water in another beaker and start adding to the mix little by little. Blend it again until you create the creamy sauce you wanted.
(1) In Spain, rice is not stired as often as it is when cooking Italian risotto. You must stir it once or twice maximum. This tip is valid for all Spanish rice dishes like paella, arròs negre, arròs a banda…
(2) When cooking the alternative style you can change the cuttlefish or squid for diced potato.
(3) If you can’t find cuttlefish or squid, or you’re not able to eat them because of allergies, you can try to substitute them for chicken or vegetables at your choice.
(4) Sofregit can be done in advance. You can keep it in the fridge or even freeze it.
(5) For more information on how to clean and remove the heart of artichokes, please watch this video
(6) To watch how Jose Andres cooks this dish click here.
(7) For more information on how to clean and remove the heart of artichokes, please watch this video
(8) To tone down the taste when you do it by hand in a mortar, then add an egg yolk. If you want to tone it down in the alternative way use milk or soy milk. Anyway, the best alternative way is the original oil and garlic alone.
(9) Allioli must be consumed during the preparation day and preserved in the fridge before using it.
(10) For help on conversion on metric to imperial, visit this page.
[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="560" caption="The Finished Dish!"][/caption]
All in all, this recipe was a success from start to finish. From being able to prepare all but the final stage before guests arrived, to the delicious flavour that suited various dietary requirements and people used to a variety of food styles. A definate must cook again!